Nagaland, one of India's smallest states, attained statehood in 1963. The state capital is Kohima, and the main commercial center is Dimapur. The terrain is mountainous, thickly wooded, and cut by deep river valleys.

            Society is predominantly tribal and many traditional customs are maintained. British missionaries were active in the region in the 19th century, and today about 90 percent of the population is Christian.

            Shifting cultivation is widely practiced. Agriculture provides 90 percent of the people with their livelihood; rice and maize are the main crops. The forests are the state's most important source of income. There are varied mineral reserves, including oil deposits, but they are only minimally exploited. Dimapur has sugar mills, pulp and paper mills, breweries, and a plywood factory. Handicrafts remain important.