RAIN WATER HARVESTING PROJECT AS PART OF GREEN GOVERNANCE PROGRAMME

Central Command has always been a forerunner in the conservation and preservation of ecology. Its efforts towards conservation and preservation and results of these endeavours have been exponential and contributed greatly to the ecology of Central India.

The requirement of water is a basic need. The infrequent rain and the shortage of perennial water sources had caused an urgent rethink with regard to conservation of water. During the monsoon season a heavy volume of water is wasted as it is not suitably harnessed.

In order to overcome the water shortage and conserve rain water, Infantry School as part of its ecological drive embarked upon rain water harvesting project in its premises.

A feasibility study was carried out incorporating engineers and experts from Lions Club, Mhow. It was suggested that the existing network of drains and the overflow of rain water from roof top of the buildings be channelized through a filter to a reservoir. The conserved water would then be utilized for gardening, area maintenance and recharging ground water.

The roof top water harvesting scheme at officer`s accommodation has been in operation for nearly eighteen months. Within this period it has had a definite positive impact on the environment. Benefits accrued are :-

Availability of water for gardening for most part of the year at the site itself, therefore reducing the requirement of water bowsers for gardening.

  • A visible change in the lawns.

  • An overall betterment of ecology in the campus.

  • Increase in sub soil water table due to recharging of ground water through bore well.

  •  Availability of water for daily maintenance.

  •  Creation of facility for storage of water.

It is evident that the rooftop water harvesting scheme will reap rich dividends for the environment and ecology in future.

Plantation

Post Completion

TREE PLANTATION AT CHAUBATTIA

The Army Cantonment at Chaubattia is located at an altitude of 7200 feet and is thickly forested and full of wild life. Although Chaubattia is a green station but it faces a grave problem of soil erosion which is having devastating effect on atmosphere. The local Army Battalion undertook a project for maintenance and development of ecology and started the mission “GREEN INDIA”. Under this mission, it planted 4,000 saplings of trees, 1,000 of bamboos and 1,700 herbal plants. At an altitude of 7200 feet it is difficult to maintain such a large number of saplings because of heavy rain fall and snow fall. Due to heavy rain fall and snow fall, few of the saplings have either been destroyed due to soil erosion or some of them got burnt due to forest fire. For the better upkeep and maintenance of plants, every plant was looked after by an individual. To further control the soil erosion in this area a plan was undertaken to plant a kitchen garden in every company. The unit also established two poly houses for the nurturing of saplings and then distributing it to the Companies, so that more trees can be planted. This place faces acute water shortage during summer and to overcome this problem construction of rain water harvesting tanks was also included in this project for the continuous supply of water to these saplings, so that there is no additional burden on the ground water and on Military Engineering Service for the water supply. These tanks also helped in retaining of ground water.

In this mission the battalion kept itself in the driving seat as far as the maintenance and development of ecology is concerned. This not only included plantation of saplings and construction of rain water harvesting tanks but also cleanliness of this area. This battalion also constructed Kitchen Waste Composing Drum so that littering of area can be avoided and the Kitchen Waste can be used as manure for the plants.

The Battalion further declared the area as poly free zone. No individual was allowed to carry polythene bags in the location, instead of the same paper bags and gunny bags were used by the individuals. However, the area still contained a lot of polythene waste, which was being added day by day by the local population and the tourists. This was not a deterrent in the efforts of the Battalion and constant efforts were made to ensure the sanctity of the commitment the Battalion made for conserving the flora and the fauna of the place.

Before and after construction

Plantation of Saplings under Mission Green India

Poly House

Kitchen Garden

 

Herbal Garden

 

RAIN WATER HARVESTING BY CONSTRUCTION OF CHECK DAM
AT CENTRAL ORDNANCE DEPOT, JABALPUR

 

The ‘Green Governance Programmes’ are under taken with vigour each year during monsoons. However, severe summers and prolonged dry spells compounded by diminishing water table make the projects almost unviable. In order to ensure that bio diversity projects are sustained and the environment benefits from the same, there was a need for adequate financial support to create infrastructure and resources to sustain them.

Ordnance Depot, Jabalpur provides a protected environment for development of eco system. It also offers a natural breeding and holding ground for variety of species of flora, fauna and wild life including some of the highly endangered species. For the increasing population of these species, there was a requirement of water resource throughout the year, particularly during the summer season. To enable saving and storage of rain water and those arising from the streams it was proposed to construct a check dam over nullah inside the Depot for the benefit of flora, fauna, wildlife with financial assistance by ICICI Bank Ltd.

The Green Governance project has not only enhanced the bio diversity needs but also improved the look of the area in the Depot. A total of 6,42,290 Gallons water capacity has been created. The wild life already in existence and which would automatically multiply as a result of efforts made by the depot are:- 

  • Barking Deer.

  • Spotted Deer.

  • Hanuman Langur.

  • Rhesus Monkey.

  • Wild Boar.

  • Wild Hare.

  • Panthers.

Numerous species of avifauna such as peacocks, caucals, bulbuls, paradise fly catchers, parrots, jungle fowl, wood pecker, cuckoo hawk, lapwing, drongo, babblers, robins, tree pie, owls and variety of pigeons have already adopted the area.

The project will ensure that the vegetations and wild life in the area multiply due to increased availability of water.

INDIAN ARMY GREEN GOVERNANCE WITH ICICI BANK

RAIN WATER HARVESTING AT ARMY PUBLIC SCHOOL, LANSDOWNE

General Today we are facing challenges in the form of declining availability of water, deterioration in water quality and over exploitation of ground water, which is leading to receding water table. As part of Indian Army’s green governance programme a rain water harvesting project was undertaken in partnership with ICICI Bank Ltd. Army Public School, Lansdowne was chosen to implement the project in Lansdowne. Necessity Daily usage of water at Army School Lansdowne is 15,000 liters as per the strength of students and staff combined against the water storage capacity only 2000 litre. The usage of water increases during summer months especially for purpose other than drinking. Assets Created In order to augment the availability of water resources at Army School, Lansdowne, a water harvesting system was created so as to reduce water lost as surface run off and utilise maximum possible rain water. The main building of Army School consists of a roof top measuring 470 square meters from where roof top rain water harvesting was adopted.

The rain water from roof top is taken into first cemented desilting chamber from where it is transferred to the second filtration tank. The second cemented filtration chamber measuring 3.10 X 2.70 X 2.25 meters is filled with pebbles up to 20mm which filters out larger impurities. The third filtration chamber measuring 3.50X2.70X2.50 is filled with bigger pebbles up to 40mm where the water is filtered for the third time for minor impurities which may have slipped through the first two tanks. The rain water, after passing through three stages of filtration is collected in a circular distribution tank, 03 meters in diameter and 1.5 meter depth with a capacity of 20,000 liters. All the filtration units are provided with heavy steel openings and steel ladders for ease of regular cleaning, chlorination and to monitor water quality regularly. The rain water so collected in distribution tank is pumped up to elevated storage tanks from where it is made available to users for utility purpose other than drinking. Expenditure An amount of Rupees 9.00 lac was sanctioned by Environment and Ecology Cell of Integrated HQ of MoD (Army) for the project and it was financed by ICICI Bank under its Green Governance initiative. Benefits Accrued

  • store the surplus rainwater which can be harvested in the time of need.

  • Arrests decline in ground water levels.

  • It provides self-sufficiency to water supply

  • The water availability is not subject to outside utility control.

  • The water so stored is available even when storms or disaster strikes.

  • The water available is naturally pure and soft.

  • It is free for use by students and staff.

  • The cost for pumping water is reduced.

  • It will help reduce soil erosion and flooding of areas in and around Army School, Lansdowne.

  • The system constructed in Army School, Lansdowne is simple, easy to maintain and operate.

Conclusion

As citizens of progressive society and Army, it is pertinent that we become eco friendly and ensure high standard and quality of projects that we as Army undertake to help improve our environment. With the present rain water harvesting system employed in Army School, Lansdowne, it is possible to harvest 3,85,400 liters of water annually.

View of Roof for Collection of Rainwater

Tower for Water Tank

An Overview of the Collection Tanks

INDIAN ARMY GREEN GOVERNANCE WITH ICICI BANK

RAIN WATER HARVESTING AT INFANTRY SCHOOL, MHOW

Introduction Infantry School, Mhow has always been a forerunner in the conservation and preservation of ecology. Its efforts towards conservation and preservation and results of these endeavour’s have been exponential and contributed greatly to the ecology of Mhow. In order to overcome the water shortage and conserve rain water, Infantry school as part of its ecological drive embarked upon rain water harvesting project in its premises. State Of Area Prior To Commencement of Project The Inf School had constructed six buildings to accommodate 180 officers in approx area of 15000Sqm. The area within and adjoining the premises was devoid of any vegetation and trees. There was no water storage facility. The water supply being scarce, water was not available for arboriculture. Despite being new construction the area did not have any good aesthetic touch. These buildings with a combined roof area of about 43,600 sq ft and a well laid out drainage system offered an excellent opportunity to harness 3.5 million liters of rain water per annum. Assets Created. The specifications of the works carried out are as given below:-

  • Minor alterations to existing drains to channelise water to filter plant.

  • Provision of wire meshes on all entry channels and at end of the drain to prevent entry of leaves / twigs.

  • Construction of filter plant of dimensions 2 x 2 Mtr.

  • Provision of charcoal/sand/pebbles for the filter plant.

  • Construction of storage tank of dimensions 15x12x4.5 Mtr.

  • Provision of link between filter and storage tank.

  • Provision of chain link fence around the storage tank for safety.

  • Provision of walk way (2 ft wide) around the storage tank wall.

  • Provision of bore well 100 ft deep for draining excess water from storage tank
    for recharging ground water.

  • Provision of network of GI pipes including masonry work from the storage tank to the lawns and arboriculture area.

  • Provision of electric pump sets including masonry to direct water from storage tank to various areas for irrigation.

  • Provision of tap outlets near lawns and cultivation areas for irrigation at the scale of 1 per lawn.

  • Provision of PVC pipes for irrigation of length 100 ft at the scale of 1 per lawn.

  • Provision of sprinklers for watering grass in lawns at the scale of 1 per lawn.

Benefit Accrued And Current Status

The roof top water harvesting scheme at 180 officer's accommodation has been in operation for nearly eighteen months. Within this period it has had a definite positive impact on the environment. Benefits accrued are :-

  • Availability of water for gardening for most part of the year at the site itself, therefore reducing the requirement of water bowsers for gardening.

  • A visible change in the lawns.

  • An overall betterment of ecology in the campus.

  • Increase in sub soil water table due to recharging of ground water through bore well.

  • Availability of water for daily maintenance.

  • Creation of facility for storage of water. The total storage capacity created is 716.8 Cum

  • The total area being served by the scheme for gardening is approx 1 acre.

Conclusion The water scarcity is a real time problem and is likely to aggravate in future at Mhow. A huge volume of monsoon water goes untapped every year despite acute shortage of water in the station. Harvesting this natural resource is therefore imperative. The 180 officers accommodation rooftop water harvesting scheme has served as a pilot project in this direction, and will go a long way in preserving environment and ecology in the area.

STATE OF AREA PRIOR TO PROJECT

EXECUTION OF PROJECT

POST COMPLETION

PLANTATION IN COMPLEX