ASSAM, a state in northeastern India, is crossed by the Brahmaputra River, which enters the state in the northeast and flows in a southwesterly direction. Assam has a humid, subtropical climate with extremely heavy rainfall and is subject to floods and earthquakes. Much of the state is covered with dense tropical forests of bamboo, though evergreens predominate at higher elevations.

 Wildlife, native to Assam includes the elephant, tiger, leopard, rhinoceros, and bear. The famed one-horned Indian Rhino is preserved at the Kaziranga National Park in central Assam. Assam is rural and agricultural. Tea is cultivated in the hilly regions, and the state produces about 15 percent of the tea grown in the world. The valley of the Brahmaputra River is important for rice the major food product of Assam. Other agricultural products are jute, sugarcane, cotton, oranges, and potatoes; in addition, the cultivation of silkworms is common in many areas. Timber is valuable to the economy of Assam, and petroleum extraction is gaining importance. 

The primary industries of Assam are textile manufacturing, cement production, and oil refining. The capital of the state is Dispur.