Tripura, the smallest of the hill states in northeast India, was a union territory from 1956 to 1972, when it became a state. To the north lie forested hills and valleys; to the south, jungle. Tripura receives over 4,000 millimeters (157 inches) of rainfall annually. The capital is Agartala.

            Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy; shifting cultivation is gradually being replaced by modern farming methods. Important cash crops are jute, cotton, tea (the main industry), and fruit, wheat, rice, potatoes, and sugarcane are also grown. Almost half the land area is still covered by forest. Minor industries include aluminum utensils, rubber, saw milling, and weaving. Rubber plantations are being established.