In December 1949, the appointment of DADDS was upgraded to ADDS (Lieutenant Colonel). A further upgradation to Deputy Director Dental Services (DDDS) (Colonel) took place in May 1956 and, by May 1961; the post was raised to the rank of Brigadier, with Command Dental advisors in the rank of Colonel, while the ranks of Command Dental Advisors in the Western Command and Air Force were upgraded to Brigadier and Group Captain, respectively. The Director of Dental Services functioned as the dental advisor to the DGAFMS and also to the Directors of Medical Services of the Army, Navy and Air Force.

Late Gp Capt (Later Brig) JM Rao, AVSM. Architect of Dental Services in the Indian Air Force

The dental wing At the AFMC in Poona had been disbanded in May 1947 when the Command Dental Centres were formed and they took over the professional training of officers and other ranks. As the service expanded, more specialized facilities were required and in 1955 the dental wing at AFMC was reopened with an assistant professor (in the rank of Lieutenant Colonel) and one reader. Refresher courses in maxillofacial surgery and prosthetics were added the following year, as well as courses for junior officers and for short service regular commission (SSRC) officers in 1957. Advanced specialists' courses of one year duration were also established for oral and maxillofacial surgery and prosthetics in 1959; for periodontics in 1961; and for Orthodontics in 1966. Students from Indonesia, Sudan, Afganistan and Bangladesh also attended special courses at the dental wing of the AFMC.

Late Surg Capt (D) MR Vig, Architect of Dental Services in the Indian Navy

Specialist dental cover was provided by the establishment of a pool of 06 officers in 1953 which gradually rose to strength of 36 by 1980. The training and experience of the pool of specialists proved invaluable during the hostilities against China (1962) and Pakistan (1965), especially in the management of casualties involving the oro-facial region. Study leave was readily granted for courses conducted in India, and a select few dental officers received specialist training in England, Australia and Japan.